Breakfast

The most important part of the most important meal.

Overwhelmingly, science has proven that breakfast really is the most important meal of the day, affecting performance from the classroom to the boardroom. 

For instance, kids who eat breakfast have:

  • Higher test scores1-7
  • Improved daily attendance3,4,7
  • Better weight-related outcomes8-14

A nutritious breakfast that includes low-fat milk makes up a quarter of a child’s daily nutrient needs. It’s also linked to a higher intake of calcium – a nutrient many Americans are lacking. All the more reason to make sure milk is on the menu every morning.

1. Wyon D, et al. An Experimental Study of the Effects of Energy Intake at Breakfast on the Test Performance of 10 Year-Old Children in School. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 1997;48(1):5-12.

2. Vaisman N, et al. Effects of Breakfast Timing on the Cognitive Functions of Elementary School Students. Arch Ped Adol Med. 1996 150:1089-1092.

3. Murphy JM, et al. The Relationship of School Breakfast to Psychosocial and Academic Functioning: Cross-sectional and longitudinal observations in an inner-city sample. Arch Ped Adolt Med. 1998;152:899-907.

4. Powell CA, et al. Nutrition and education: a randomized trial of the effects of breakfast in rural primary school children. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68:873-9.

5. Pollitt E, et al. Fasting and Cognition in Well- and Undernourished Schoolchildren: A Review of Three Experimental Studies. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998; 67(4):779S-784S.

6. Jacoby E, et al E. Benefits of a school breakfast program among Andean children in Huaraz, Peru. Food and Nutr Bulletin. 1996; 17:54-64.

7. Murphy JM. Breakfast and Learning: An Updated Review. J Curr Nutr Food Sci. 2007; 3(1): 3-36.

8. Alexander KE,  et al. Association of breakfast skipping with visceral fat and insulin indices in overweight Latino youth. Obesity. 2009;17(8), 1528-1533.

9. Barton BA, et al. The relationship of breakfast and cereal consumption to nutrient intake and body mass index: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. J Am Dietetic Assoc. 2005;105(9), 1383-1389.

10. Deshmukh-Taskar PR, et al. The relationship of breakfast skipping and type of breakfast consumption with nutrient intake and weight status in children and adolescents: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2006. J Am Dietetic Assoc. 2010;110(6), 869-878.

11. Fiore H, et al. Potentially protective factors associated with healthful body mass index in adolescents with obese and nonobese parents: a secondary data analysis of the third national health and nutrition examination survey, 1988-1994. J Am Dietetic Assoc. 2006;106(1), 55-64.

12. Merten MJ, et al. Breakfast consumption in adolescence and young adulthood: parental presence, community context, and obesity. J Am Dietetic Assoc. 2009;109(8), 1384-1391.

13. Niemeier HM, et al. Fast food consumption and breakfast skipping: predictors of weight gain from adolescence to adulthood in a nationally representative sample. J Adolescent Health. 2006;39(6), 842-849.

14. Timlin MT, et al. Breakfast eating and weight change in a 5-year prospective analysis of adolescents: Project EAT (Eating Among Teens). Pediatrics. 2008;121(3):e638-645.